Guatemala

Editors' review

December 14, 2017

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Background:
The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war.
In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100 000 people and had created some 1 million refugees.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
related countries: Spain
 

Official Name:
República de Guatemala
short form: Guatemala
int'l long form: Republic of Guatemala
ISO Country Code: gt, GTM
Time:
Local Time = UTC -6h
Actual Time: Thu-Apr-5  19:54
Country Calling Code: +502
Capital City: Guatemala (City) (metro area pop. 2.5 million).
Other Cities: Quetzaltenango, Escuintla.
Government:
Type: Constitutional democratic republic.
Constitution: May 1985; amended November 1993.
Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).
Geography:
Location: Central America, bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the North Pacific Ocean.
Area: 109,000 km² (42,085 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile coastal plains, mountainous.
Climate: Tropical on coasts, temperate in highlands.
People:
Nationality: Guatemalan(s).
Population: 15,8 million (2014)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Spanish-Indian), indigenous.
Religions: Christian, traditional Mayan.
Languages: Spanish, 24 indigenous languages (principally K'iche', Kaqchikel, Q'eqchi', and Mam).
Literacy: 70%
Natural resources: Petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens.
Industries: Sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism.
Exports - commodities: sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity
Exports - partners: USA 34.9%, El Salvador 8.4%, Honduras 7.3%, Nicaragua 5%, Canada 4.6%, Mexico 4.3%, Costa Rica 4.1% (2015)
Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products
Imports - partners: USA 38.3%, China 13.4%, Mexico 11.8%, El Salvador 4.9% (2015)
Currency: Quetzal (GTQ), US Dollar (USD)
Guatemala in numbers
Guatemala key statistical data.